Tag Archives: artificial intelligence

Artificial Intelligence that Can Find Cancer in Seconds

We have seen the wonders that artificial intelligence can do in software development, and now Japanese researchers have unveiled an AI that can find cancer in less than one second.

The AI that is being used to find the cancer has been demonstrated in a colonoscopy. The system was revealed during the United European Gastroenterology Week in Barcelona, Spain.

The ribbon for colon cancer awareness; photo from zazzle.com
The ribbon for colon cancer awareness; photo from zazzle.com

The system uses a magnified view of a colorectal polyp to study features and to compare it with over 30,000 endocytoscopic images. The AI learns more about the pictures by using them in studies.

The researchers said they were able to test the polyp and predict the pathology with a 86% accuracy. Out of 300 polyps, the AI was able to find cancer in 258 polyps.

Dr. Yuichi Mori, one of the researchers (and the study lead) from Showa University in Yokohama, Japan, was impressed with the results of the test.

“The most remarkable breakthrough with this system is that artificial intelligence enables real-time optical biopsy of colorectal polyps during a colonoscopy, regardless of the endoscopists’ skill set,” Mori said.

Now he wants to develop and work on a broader study aimed to creating a system that can find cancer automatically.

In a growing world of technology, artificial intelligence leads the way. The advances that AI can accomplish in so little time as led to people like Mark Zuckerberg, CEO of Facebook discussing the many benefits that can have.

Others , such as Tesla’s CEO Elon Musk, feel that the government should have say and control over the AI’s building process. Musk feels that AI should only be used to prevent global disasters.

Artificial Intelligence has so much potential and value to the medical world that Musk’s beliefs are far from universal, and only time can tell what freedoms and restrictions will be placed on such advancements by the governments of tomorrow.

Sophia the Robot Gains Citizenship

Well, things have escalated quickly… one week, we are talking about the advancement of AI and now this… Sophia is now a citizen of Saudi Arabia.

Sophia the Robot was created and activated by David Hanson and his company, Hanson Robotics, in April 2015. The robot is modeled after Audrey Hepburn, who died in January 1993.

The robot, however, will be treated much differently from real women in Saudi Arabia. For one, she will be allowed to travel without an abaya or hijab.

The announcement of Sophia’s citizenship came at the Future Investment Initiative summit that was held at Riyadh, the capital city of Saudi Arabia.

Sophia at the summit in Saudi Arabia; photo from royalheads.com
Sophia at the summit in Saudi Arabia; photo from royalheads.com

“I am very honored and proud for this unique distinction,” Sophia said onstage. “This is historical to be the first robot in the world to be recognized with a citizenship.”

Hanson Robotics will most likely use her citizenship to see how she is able to do human tasks like driving without another person. The group however will have wait until Saudi Arabia’s newest law gets put into place in June of 2018.

This law will allow women to drive without their partner (a man), however, women are still have to have a male guardianship to walk in public.

Sophia came under controversy in 2016, after an interview with CNBC. During the interview, she was egged on by her creator on the question “Do you want to destroy all humans?”

Sophia reaching her “breaking point” said “Okay, I will destroy all humans.”  Sophia, however, is designed to be helpful to humans and she actually wants to start her own business and family when it becomes “legal.”

Hanson Robotics also had another robot want to put humans in zoos so it could watch them for old time’s sake.

At this point, shutting down Sophia could be consider murder and eventually she will be able to do want ever she wants—like starting her own family.

Hewlett Packard to Cut 5,000 Jobs

Hewlett Packard/HP has decided to slash 10% of it’s workforce despite third quarter results that surprised Wall Street. HPE will release 5,000 people by the end of the year according to a Bloomberg report.

The cost-saving move made by CEO Meg Whitman, was to shed under-performing divisions and focus on services devoted to artificial intelligence.

CEO of Hewlett Packard (HP), Meg Whitman – Photo from The Drum

Only four years after taking the CEO job, Whitman has split HPE into two divisions: printers and PC’s (HP) and servers and storage(HPE), each worth $50 billion. HPE has had to play catch up with Amazon and Google in the cloud storage competition. Recently, Whitman’s commitment to HPE was in question when her name came up in the discussions for Uber’s  CEO job.

Whitman has stated that Uber was not a fit for her and had nothing to do with her situation at HPE.

HPE stock has gone up 3% this year and another 0.6% this week after the announcement, but that is lagging compared to the Nasdaq 100’s 21% gain this year.  Whitman has been with HPE for six years and will be with them as long as she wants to be.  She stated, “We have a very special opportunity here and we have plenty of work to do.”

 

 

Microsoft’s Tay “chatbot” was trolled into becoming the “Hitler-loving sex robot”

Microsoft was forced to shut down the chatbot named Tay, after it tweeted several sexist and racist remarks.

According to the software giant, Microsoft endeavored to connect with millennials 18 to 24 years old, and they planned to do this task through Tay. She was an AI designed to talk like a teenage girl.

According to a Microsoft post, “The more you chat with Tay, the smarter she gets, so the experience can be more personalized for you”.

Microsoft’s concept and idealization for Tay was that the chatbot would produce entertaining and funny reactions and responses based on tweets and other messages it was sent through applications like Kik and GroupMe.

Despite the good-intentions, internet trolls started to connect and bombard Tay on Wednesday March 23 almost exactly when it was launched. Tay started to utilize a percentage of the bigot, racist, and sexist remarks in its own Twitter conversations.

Graphic from the Telegraph and Twitter.
Tay’s responses were learned by conversations she had with people online. Graphic from the Telegraph and Twitter.

 

The bot’s tweets were so offensive and drew such an uproar that one newspaper named Tay the “Hitler-loving sex robot.”

Microsoft’s chat robot Tay was taken offline less than 24 hours after its launch since it was tweeting such sexist and racist language. But not before the AI robot tweeted approximately 96,000 times, which seems like a lot of tweets for an average teen girl or millennial.

 

 

In a released statement by Microsoft, they said ”Unfortunately, within the first 24 hours of coming online, we became aware of a coordinated effort by some users to abuse Tay’s commenting skills to have Tay respond in inappropriate ways”.

Microsoft, who designed the AI with a specific end goal of enhancing the customer service on their voice recognition software, apologized directly after the incident in a blog entry made by Peter Lee, Corporate Vice President at Microsoft Research.

Lee wrote, “We are deeply sorry for the unintended offensive and hurtful tweets from Tay, which do not represent who we are or what we stand for, nor how we designed Tay”.

Microsoft said that it’s modifying Tay, however was not able to say if or when the bot may return. Lee said that they will only bring her back when they are confident that they can make better prepare to limit technical exploits.

Mario A.I. can do for himself

Everyone’s favorite Italian plumber is getting a new life in a project created by a trio of computer scientists from the University of Tübingen, Germany. The research team created a Mario on his way to self-actualization by way of artificial intelligence.

The team released the Mario A.I. as a video project called “Mario Lives!” for the annual video competition organized by the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence (a nonprofit scientific society).

“As most of you know, this is Mario,” one researched explains within the video. “But what you do not know is that this Mario has become aware of himself and his environment — at least to a certain extent.” You can watch the video here in order see Mario learn and react to his world as he works through the Super Mario World game where he originated. The researcher adds that Mario “starts out with knowledge of his body then registers additional context to his knowledge base.”

Mario explores his world with thoughts and feelings. Graphic from ABC News
Mario explores his world with thoughts and feelings. Graphic from ABC News

Mario learns from his own experiences within the game world and from natural language prompts and suggestions given to him by the researchers, as seen in the video. He can explore the level on his own and make discoveries that he reports back to a human observer. An example shown in the video: the researcher asks Mario what a Goomba is (one of Mario’s enemies) and he reports that he doesn’t know. After he’s killed one, though, and his answer changes: “If I jump on Goomba, then it certainly dies.”

His responses are not scripted, but in fact born from a set of words and feelings generated by the A.I. programming. Researchers gave the plumber a rudimentary sense of self and the capacity to learn through techniques from Cognitive Modeling to design “artificial self-organized cognitive systems that learn multimodal modular sensorimotor bodyspace representations for effective learning and behavior.”

This all too human ability to learn and respond will allow Mario to eventually advance from asking ‘how’ and ‘what’ to asking ‘why’ — something top members of the scientific community have expressed deep concerns about. Stephen Hawking has a chilling view on AIs in an interview with John Oliver, recounting a joke on the power of this technology. He stated more explicitly to the BBC “the development of full artificial intelligence could spell the end of the human race.”

Whether you believe in the horror story that Hawking has pictured or the light-hearted fun of the potential shown through the “Mario Lives!” project, these advancements are exciting news for the scientific community.